top of page
  • Writer's pictureIEP Urgent Care

June is Migraine and Headache Awareness Month

young woman with a headache sitting at desk in office with laptop

Understanding Migraine and Headache Awareness Month: A Time to Educate and Advocate

Every year, June is designated as Migraine and Headache Awareness Month, a period dedicated to raising awareness, educating the public, and advocating for better treatment and understanding of these debilitating conditions. Migraines and headaches are often misunderstood and underestimated, despite affecting millions of people worldwide. This month provides an opportunity to shed light on the reality of living with these conditions and to support those who suffer from them.

Raising Awareness: Why It Matters

One of the primary goals of Migraine and Headache Awareness Month is to increase understanding and empathy towards those affected by these conditions. Misconceptions about migraines and headaches can lead to stigma and inadequate support. Many people still view migraines as just "bad headaches," not realizing the complex and chronic nature of the disorder. By raising awareness, we can promote a more informed perspective that acknowledges the serious impact these conditions can have.

Understanding the Three Main Types of Headaches: Tension, Migraines, and Cluster Headaches

Headaches are a common ailment, but not all headaches are the same. They can vary significantly in terms of their causes, symptoms, and treatment approaches. Here, we delve into the three main types of headaches: tension headaches, migraines, and cluster headaches.

1. Tension Headaches

Description: Tension headaches are the most common type of headache, often described as a constant, dull, aching pain around the head. People frequently compare it to a tight band squeezing the head.


  • Mild to moderate pain that affects both sides of the head.

  • A sensation of tightness or pressure across the forehead or on the sides and back of the head.

  • Tenderness in the scalp, neck, and shoulder muscles.

  • Generally, no nausea or vomiting.

  • Sensitivity to light or sound may occur but is usually mild.

Causes: The exact cause of tension headaches is not well understood, but several factors can contribute, including:

  • Stress and anxiety.

  • Poor posture.

  • Eye strain.

  • Fatigue.

  • Dehydration.


  • Over-the-counter pain relievers such as ibuprofen, aspirin, or acetaminophen.

  • Stress management techniques like relaxation exercises, meditation, and yoga.

  • Regular physical activity and proper posture.

  • Adequate hydration and a balanced diet.

  • Avoiding triggers such as prolonged screen time or poor ergonomics.

2. Migraines

Description: Migraines are a type of headache disorder characterized by recurring attacks of moderate to severe throbbing pain, usually on one side of the head. They can last from a few hours to several days and often interfere with daily activities.


  • Intense, throbbing pain usually on one side of the head.

  • Nausea and vomiting.

  • Sensitivity to light, sound, and sometimes smell.

  • Visual disturbances known as auras, which can include flashing lights, blind spots, or zigzag patterns.

  • Tingling or numbness in the face or extremities.

Causes: The exact cause of migraines is not fully understood, but they are believed to involve genetic and environmental factors. Common triggers include:

  • Hormonal changes (e.g., menstrual cycle).

  • Certain foods and beverages (e.g., aged cheese, alcohol).

  • Stress and anxiety.

  • Sensory stimuli (e.g., bright lights, strong smells).

  • Changes in sleep patterns.

  • Weather changes.


  • Prescription medications such as triptans, ergotamines, and anti-nausea drugs.

  • Preventive medications, including beta-blockers, antidepressants, and anti-seizure drugs.

  • Lifestyle modifications like regular sleep, healthy eating, and stress management.

  • Avoiding known triggers.

  • Biofeedback and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT).

3. Cluster Headaches

Description: Cluster headaches are the most severe type of primary headache, characterized by intense, stabbing pain around one eye or one side of the head. They occur in cyclical patterns or clusters, often at the same time each day, and can last for weeks or months.


  • Excruciating, burning, or piercing pain around or behind one eye.

  • Pain that radiates to the forehead, temple, nose, and sometimes the neck.

  • Red, watery eyes and nasal congestion or runny nose on the affected side.

  • Drooping eyelid and swelling around the eye.

  • Restlessness and agitation.

  • Sensitivity to light and sound, though less common than with migraines.

Causes: The exact cause of cluster headaches is unknown, but they are believed to involve the hypothalamus, a part of the brain that regulates biological rhythms. Triggers can include:

  • Seasonal changes.

  • Alcohol consumption.

  • Strong smells.

  • Physical exertion.


  • Acute treatments like oxygen therapy and triptans.

  • Preventive treatments such as verapamil, corticosteroids, and lithium.

  • Nerve blocks and other interventional procedures for chronic cases.

  • Avoidance of known triggers.

  • Maintaining a consistent sleep schedule.

Support and Resources for Sufferers

For individuals living with migraines and headaches, finding support and resources can be life-changing. During Migraine and Headache Awareness Month, various organizations, such as the American Migraine Foundation and the National Headache Foundation, offer special programs, webinars, and support groups to help sufferers connect with others and learn more about managing their condition.


Recent Posts

See All


bottom of page